Cutting in the vaginal opening to “remove warts” (southieute) in Senegal
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Cutting in the vaginal opening to “remove warts” (southieute) in Senegal

An exploratory study by Senegalese sociologist Fatou Kebe is currently examining a practice of cutting women's vaginal openings, justified by the "removal of warts" (Southieute in Wolof). According to Kebe, this practice is common in the Wolof community in Senegal but is also practiced by the Soces in Dakar.

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Vaginal incisions, scraping, hymenotomies Niger & Nigeria
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Vaginal incisions, scraping, hymenotomies Niger & Nigeria

Hymenotomies are incisions made to the hymen. In some communities, they are performed on girls for non-medical reasons. The practice should not be confused with hymenotomies performed surgically as treatment for women or girls with an unperforated hymen causing abdominal pain.

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Genital Piercing
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Genital Piercing

Piercing can be defined as "an opening in any part of the body through which jewellery can be worn". Among the most common forms of female genital piercing is the clitoral cap, of which there are different types. The clitoral gland or lips can also be pierced. In some cases, the labia minora or labia majora may be pierced one or more times, to be crossed by one or more rings to form a "chastity ring" (Kelly & Foster, 2012).

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“Removal of sothieutes” in Senegal

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We had the opportunity to meet Fatou Kebe, member of the Community of Practice since 2017, when she came in Brussels for an international expert meeting on management and prevention of female genital mutilation/cutting, organized by three francophone universities.

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Pricking
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Pricking

The piercing the clitoris or surrounding tissue, pricking, is a procedure in which the skin is pricked with a sharp object. Blood may flow but no tissue is removed and no stitching is done. Pricking is practiced in different communities around the world, either as a traditional form of FGM or as a substitute for more extensive excision. The practice is classified by the WHO as Type IV FGM. (WHO, 2008)

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Press overview
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Press overview

In this section we have gathered some of the newspaper articles and reports shared within the CoP FGM during the months of April-June 2020. For a more extensive overview see the UNICEF Annotated Bibliography on "Harmful Practices and Public Health Crises". Accessible here.

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Resources shared, tools and reports produced by UNFPA and UNICEF
a young child wearing a protective medical mask is home treated at home

Resources shared, tools and reports produced by UNFPA and UNICEF

In this guide for action, UNICEF presents some key points and ways to continue the fight against FGM in times of COVID-19. Among the solutions proposed in the Agenda for Action are increased use of social networks and mass media to attract attention, reach out to the population and young people, and strengthen emergency and hotlines.

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Tools and resources developed and shared by the members
a young child wearing a protective medical mask is home treated at home

Tools and resources developed and shared by the members

During COVID-19 the members of the CoP FGM have kept busy and have adapted their work, developed adapted tools and published papers and articles related to FGM, women and girls’ rights or SRHR in times of COVID-19. In this sections you will find some resourced developed by and/or shared by members.

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