FGM and social norms

On February 6th 2021, International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, AIDOS launched the animated video “Dynamics of a social norm: Female Genital Mutilation”. It is part of a series of videos aiming to understand why communities continue to perpetrate FGM, under what circumstances this practice continues to exist.

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Strengths and good practices of anti-FGM laws
Lady justice. Statue of Justice in library. Legal and law background concept

Strengths and good practices of anti-FGM laws

The very existence of the law produces effects that go beyond the mere application of sanctions and the prosecution of those practising FGM. It serves as a deterrent and therefore protects girls at risk of undergoing FGM both from the practice itself and - in some cases - from the stigma associated with not being excised.

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FGM: A deeply embedded social norm
Lady justice. Statue of Justice in library. Legal and law background concept

FGM: A deeply embedded social norm

Maryam Sheikh shared her personal experience to highlight the dilemma faced by parents who want to both protect their daughters from FGC and to ensure their belonging and integration into the community. In addition, the girls themselves may ask to undergo FGM in order to be like other girls in their community.

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Religion as a strategy to tackle FGM
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Religion as a strategy to tackle FGM

It is essential to deconstruct these religious beliefs as they are one of the main reasons why communities perpetuate the practice of female genital mutilation (Mahmoodi O., 2016). To this end, the position taken by religious figures seems to be an essential step towards disarticulating the false links between FGM and religious obligation, as in the case of the Muslim scholars of Al-Azhar University in Egypt, the Mufti of Egypt Ali Gomar, Ayatollah Fadlallah, Muhammed Salim AAwwa, Secretary General of the International Federation of Islamic Scholars, etc...

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